عربي
14 Jamadi al-Awwal 1444  ,  08 December 2022

The Prophet`s Birth ... Date Added: 02-11-2022

Scary Questions about ... Date Added: 01-11-2022

*Fatwa and Sustainable ... Date Added: 31-10-2022

Iftaa` Department and the ... Date Added: 25-10-2022

The Issuance of Fatwas: ... Date Added: 23-11-2022

Some Etiquettes of the ... Date Added: 17-11-2022

"The Role of Religious ... Date Added: 09-11-2022

If a Man Fights or Abuses ... Date Added: 02-11-2022

Fatawaa


Subject : If a Person Swears by Allah unto Someone to do Something, who is Liable for the Kaffara of Breaking that Oath?

Fatwa Number : 3691

Date : 08-03-2022

Classified : Oaths and vows

Fatwa Type : Search Fatawaa


Question :

If I have sworn by Allah unto someone to do or not to do a particular thing, am I liable for the Kaffara (Expiatory gift) of breaking an oath since many people think that this isn`t an obligation?



The Answer :

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.

A Muslim should avoid swearing by Allah unnecessarily since He the Almighty says {What means}: "And make not God’s (name) an excuse in your oaths against doing good, or acting rightly, or making peace between persons; for God is One Who heareth and knoweth all things."{Al-Baqarah, 224}. He also says {What means}:" But keep to your oaths."{Al-Ma`idah, 89}. Whoever swore by Allah unto someone to do something, then the addressee should fulfil that oath, but if he didn`t, then the ruling of Sharia in this regard depends on the intention of the person taking the oath:

First: If his intention was that the addressee fulfills his oath and bind him by it, then the person taking the oath is liable for the kaffara of breaking an oath.

Second: If his intention is/isn`t to make the addressee the one swearing by Allah; rather, he meant Allah`s intercession, then this isn`t considered an oath, and neither the person taking the oath nor the addressee is liable for the Kaffara of breaking an oath.

Imam Al-Shirbini said: "If a person swore by Allah unto someone to do something and his intention was to make the addressee fulfill his oath, then it is binding, and it is recommended for the addressee to fulfill it; of course, this is provided that the oath doesn`t involve doing something forbidden or reprehensible. Thus, if the addressee didn`t fulfill that oath, then the person making the oath is liable for the Kaffara of breaking an oath. However, if his intention was/wasn`t to make the addressee the one taking the oath; rather, he meant Allah`s intercession, or he took that oath without having any intention behind it whatsoever, then in all these cases, it isn`t considered an oath. This is because neither he nor the addressee have sworn by Allah." {Moghni Al-Mohtaj, Vol.6:P.186}.

In conclusion, if most people intended the second case mentioned above, then they aren`t liable for the Kaffara of breaking an oath. And Allah the Almighty knows best.






Comments

 

Name *

E. mail Address *

Country

Comment Title *

Comment *

Captcha
 
 

Warning: this window is not dedicated to receive religious questions, but to comment on topics published for the benefit of the site administrators—and not for publication. We are pleased to receive religious questions in the section "Send Your Question". So we apologize to readers for not answering any questions through this window of "Comments" for the sake of work organization. Thank you.