Instructions for Selecting Muftis


Resolution No.(22/2014) by the Board of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies:

 

"Instructions for Selecting Muftis, No. (2)/2008"

 

Answer: All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of The Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.

 

 

During its fifth session held on (6/Rabee` Awal/1436 AH), corresponding to(28/12/2014), and based on Article(10) of the Iftaa` Law No.(60)/2006, the Board decided to issue instructions No.(2) for selecting Muftis in compliance with the amendment of the Iftaa` Law/2009, which stipulated making some adjustments  on instructions No.(1)/2008. Instructions No. (2) shall read as follows:

 

Article (1): 

These instructions shall be cited as "Instructions for Selecting Muftis, No. (2)/2008, issued by virtue of the Iftaa` Law No. (60)/2006," and shall come into effect after the date of its publication in the official Gazette.

 

Article (2):

The following words shall have the meanings hereunder assigned to them:

-The Department: General Iftaa` Department. 

-The Grand Mufti: Grand Mufti of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

-The Council: Council of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies.

-The Mufti: Any Mufti at the Department or any of its branches in governorates.

-The Committee: Committee assigned by the Grand Mufti to conduct the competitive examinations for selecting Muftis.

 

Article (3):

The Dept. shall conduct competitive examinations for occupying the position "Mufti" and shall announce the date and conditions in the local official Gazette.

 

Article (4):

Applicant must meet the following conditions:

-Jordanian.

-Holds a PhD in Sharia Sciences.

-Or,holds, at least, a BA in Sharia Sciences (Rating good), and five years have passed, at least, over his obtaining that degree.

-Five years' experience in the field of specialty.

-Enjoys good conduct; not sentenced for a crime or an offence and enjoys full civil rights.

 

Article (5):

The Grand Mufti shall form one committee to prepare and correct the examination papers, and another to conduct the personal interviews. The examinees` papers are given number tags instead of names and corrected as such.

 

Article (6):

1-The examination material shall consist of:

Page One: Islamic Jurisprudence (All branches), Fundamentals of Islamic Jurisprudence and Personal Status Law in effect.

Page Two: Interpretation of the Quran, Aqidah(Creed) and Arabic language.

2-Each page shall be out of (100), but the passing score for page one shall be (70%) and (60%) for page two.

 

Article (7):

The committee shall interview applicants who passed the written exam. Each interviewer shall give the score that he sees fit for each interviewee. The interview score shall be the average of the scores given by all members. The final score shall be out of (100), and the passing score shall be (70%).

 

Article (8):

In addition to the instructions included in article (6), the personal interview shall also consider an interviewee`s mastery of the rules of Quranic recitation, charisma, general information, enthusiasm and adherence to unified Islamic dress code. One who passes the interview and both pages of the written exam succeeds.

 

Article (9):

Whoever succeeds shall be hired as Mufti by virtue of a resolution issued by the Iftaa` Board based on placement by the Grand Mufti, and in accordance with the vacancies.

 

Article (10): The Grand Mufti shall issue the proper decision regarding any case that haven`t been addressed in the above instructions.

Summarized Fatawaa

Is a person who is in a state of Janabah( major ritual impurity due to having a marital intercourse, ejaculation, menstruation, and post-delivery impurities) sinful if he/she goes about his/her daily life activities in that state i.e. without making Ghusl( ritual bath ) ?

It goes without saying that a Muslim should always be in a state of ritual purity so as to be able to perform prayers and recite Quran. It is from Sunnah(Prophetic tradition) that a Muslim hastens to make Ghusl from Janabah, but he/she is not sinful in case he/she delayed that provided that he/she doesn`t miss prayers. However, it is permissible for him/her to go about their daily activities while in a state of Janabah, but had better bathe in order not to miss any prayer.

Is the maternal uncle of one`s mother a Maharam?

All perfect praise be to Allah the Lord of The Worlds. May His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.
Mother`s maternal uncle is a mahram. And Allah The Almighty Knows Best.
* In Islam, a mahram is a member of one's family with whom marriage would be considered haram, concealment purdah, or concealment of the body with hijab, is not obligatory; and with whom, if he is an adult male, she may be escorted during a journey, although an escort may not be obligatory.

If the Prophet (PBUH) was an Arab citizen in 2009, born in an Arab country ruled by an Arab ruler, saw what was happening to Gaza, what would he (PBUH) have done?

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of The Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all of his family and companions.
Had the Prophet (PBUH) been amongst us, Muslims would have supported him, and then he would do whatever pleases the heart of every Muslim. And Allah The Almighty Knows Best.

What is the ruling on determining the sex of the baby whether through killing the female spermatozoa, or any other way in order to have a male?

If it is done through having a certain type of food, taking a certain type of medication, or organizing the time of the marital relation, then it is permissible.