Instructions for Selecting Muftis


Resolution No.(22/2014) by the Board of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies:

 

"Instructions for Selecting Muftis, No. (2)/2008"

 

Answer: All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of The Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.

 

 

During its fifth session held on (6/Rabee` Awal/1436 AH), corresponding to(28/12/2014), and based on Article(10) of the Iftaa` Law No.(60)/2006, the Board decided to issue instructions No.(2) for selecting Muftis in compliance with the amendment of the Iftaa` Law/2009, which stipulated making some adjustments  on instructions No.(1)/2008. Instructions No. (2) shall read as follows:

 

Article (1): 

These instructions shall be cited as "Instructions for Selecting Muftis, No. (2)/2008, issued by virtue of the Iftaa` Law No. (60)/2006," and shall come into effect after the date of its publication in the official Gazette.

 

Article (2):

The following words shall have the meanings hereunder assigned to them:

-The Department: General Iftaa` Department. 

-The Grand Mufti: Grand Mufti of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

-The Council: Council of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies.

-The Mufti: Any Mufti at the Department or any of its branches in governorates.

-The Committee: Committee assigned by the Grand Mufti to conduct the competitive examinations for selecting Muftis.

 

Article (3):

The Dept. shall conduct competitive examinations for occupying the position "Mufti" and shall announce the date and conditions in the local official Gazette.

 

Article (4):

Applicant must meet the following conditions:

-Jordanian.

-Holds a PhD in Sharia Sciences.

-Or,holds, at least, a BA in Sharia Sciences (Rating good), and five years have passed, at least, over his obtaining that degree.

-Five years' experience in the field of specialty.

-Enjoys good conduct; not sentenced for a crime or an offence and enjoys full civil rights.

 

Article (5):

The Grand Mufti shall form one committee to prepare and correct the examination papers, and another to conduct the personal interviews. The examinees` papers are given number tags instead of names and corrected as such.

 

Article (6):

1-The examination material shall consist of:

Page One: Islamic Jurisprudence (All branches), Fundamentals of Islamic Jurisprudence and Personal Status Law in effect.

Page Two: Interpretation of the Quran, Aqidah(Creed) and Arabic language.

2-Each page shall be out of (100), but the passing score for page one shall be (70%) and (60%) for page two.

 

Article (7):

The committee shall interview applicants who passed the written exam. Each interviewer shall give the score that he sees fit for each interviewee. The interview score shall be the average of the scores given by all members. The final score shall be out of (100), and the passing score shall be (70%).

 

Article (8):

In addition to the instructions included in article (6), the personal interview shall also consider an interviewee`s mastery of the rules of Quranic recitation, charisma, general information, enthusiasm and adherence to unified Islamic dress code. One who passes the interview and both pages of the written exam succeeds.

 

Article (9):

Whoever succeeds shall be hired as Mufti by virtue of a resolution issued by the Iftaa` Board based on placement by the Grand Mufti, and in accordance with the vacancies.

 

Article (10): The Grand Mufti shall issue the proper decision regarding any case that haven`t been addressed in the above instructions.

Summarized Fatawaa

Is the Woman wearing an Islamic veil permitted to uncover the veil in front of her brother in law, husband of paternal uncle`s daughter and husband of sister in law?  

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.
 
The punishment for Zina (Adultery and extramarital relations) is the same for men and women: 100 lashes for the unmarried to be witnessed by a group of the believers. Definitely, this person has incurred the wrath of Allah; however, he must make repentance immediately, refrain from this grave sin, and seek Allah`s forgiveness. And Allah The Almighty Knows Best.

Is Zakah(obligatory charity)due on an indebted merchant?

Debt doesn`t abrogate the dueness of Zakah, thus a debtor who has money, articles of merchandise, or other Zakah funds at his disposal should pay Zakah from them.

What is the ruling on singing and listening to it while accompanied and unaccompanied by musical instruments?

Singing and listening to it unaccompanied by musical instruments is permissible as long as it isn`t practiced as a profession and is done by a man to other men, or a woman to other women with maintaining that no temptations are involved. The words of the song should be Islamic, and if temptation was likely to happen, then the singing becomes definitely forbidden. Temptation here means: whatever leads to committing a sin. In Islamic Sharia, singing accompanied by musical instruments such as the lute and the like is forbidden, and listening to it as well. The reason behind that is the fact that the musical instrument itself is forbidden. However, striking the tambourine and singing Islamic songs are permissible in weddings, circumcisions and the like.

What is the ruling on reciting verses of the Holy Quran on water, then drinking it?

It is permissible to recite Quran on water, then drink it as a kind of treatment since the Quran heals. Allah, The Almighty, says:” We send down (stage by stage) in the Qur’an that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe: to the unjust it causes nothing but loss after loss.”{Al-Isra`/82}.