Articles

The Importance of Intellectual Security and its Role in Preserving Society
Author : His Grace Shiekh Abdulkareem Al-Khasawneh
Date Added : 10-01-2024

The Importance of Intellectual Security and its Role in Preserving Society

 

All perfect praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.

Every nation is keen on the intellectual well-being of its children as well as protecting them from doubts, deviations, extremism, terrorism, fanaticism, and Takfir (Accusing Muslims of disbelief). These are barriers to reason, beyond the human norms, both in terms of religion, thought, and ethics.

Thought refers to the concepts and judgments produced by the mind, which is the cause for legal capacity, and Allah the Almighty has made it a means of honoring humans, as He said {What means}: "And We have certainly honored the children of Adam." [Al-Isra`, 70]. The commentators said: "Allah the Almighty, honored and distinguished the offspring of Adam with intellect and knowledge."

Therefore, safeguarding the mind from influences that deviate it from the path of guidance and righteousness is one of the most obligatory duties as well as a fundamental necessity for sustaining life. Preserving intellectual security is a safeguard for the dignity that Allah the Almighty has honored each individual with, constituting the foundation upon which relationships between the children of Adam are built. This requires protection, maintenance, and security. Preserving intellectual security is synonymous with safeguarding the five necessities that Islam has commanded to protect: the preservation of religion, life, intellect, progeny, and wealth. Sound thinking leads people from darkness to light, guiding them to the straight path, as Allah Almighty says {What means}: " Verily, this is My way, leading straight: follow it: follow not (other) paths: they will scatter you about from His (great) path: thus doth He command you. that ye may be righteous." [Al-`An`am, 153].

 

If intellectual security had great significance and immense impact on social security in the past, its effect in these days is even more significant and greater. In fact, the danger of intellectual invasion might be more potent than the danger of military invasion because it targets the cultural structure of society without individuals being aware of it or realizing its danger. Therefore, resisting it requires multiplied efforts and great vigilance from scholars, thinkers, educators, and others.

 

The passage of time has brought about unprecedented events and developments, especially in the context of the rapid evolution of social media and the immense openness to the world, making the world now resemble a small village. Therefore, it is essential to focus on intellectual security and employ all means and methods to fortify our children against the ailments of the new era that target the soundness of thought, erode the foundations of beliefs, and threaten the safety of faith. Allah, the Most High, says {What means}: "It is those who believe and confuse not their beliefs with wrong - that are (truly) in security, for they are on (right) guidance."." [Al-An'am, 82]. Thus, preserving intellectual security becomes one of the top priorities that should be carefully attended to, with scholars engaging with their reality, addressing emerging issues, and finding comprehensive solutions to immunize society from the influence of foreign ideas.

Islam has established a set of measures to protect intellectual security in society, including:

Firstly: The Quran should be the guide for life, the path of guidance, and righteousness. Allah, the Most High, says {What means}: " Verily this Qur’an doth guide to that which is most right (or stable), and giveth the Glad Tidings to the Believers who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a magnificent reward;" [Al-Isra`, 9].

 

The Quran was revealed by Allah as a book of guidance to the straight path, a light guiding those who seek His pleasure on the paths of peace, leading them from darkness to light. It is a fortress that keeps the mind safe, stable, and capable of repelling doubts. To safeguard the mind from the darkness of ignorance, it must be built on firm principles and solid foundations of intellectual and religious constants that are not vulnerable to doubts or shaken by deviations. It is a rational thought that derives its certainty from verses of established meaning in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger, peace be upon him. Such thought does not accept doubt or deception, adheres to the truth, and rejects falsehood. Allah, the Most High, says {What means}: "He it is Who has sent down to thee the Book: In it are verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are the foundation of the Book: others are allegorical. But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is allegorical, seeking discord, and searching for its hidden meanings, but no one knows its hidden meanings except God. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in the Book; the whole of it is from our Lord:" and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding." {Al-Imran, 7}.

Secondly: Reinforcing the values of human brotherhood in society and the relationships based on mutual respect among people.

 

The intellectual security in society is a structure that begins with its foundational principle: the intellectual approaches through which individuals interact with each other. These approaches can either be based on enmity and exclusion, or they can be based on acquaintance and harmony. Allah addresses all people as His servants and organizes the relationship of Muslims with others on the basis of justice in dealings and human values rooted in brotherhood, affection, and love, regardless of their religion, ethnicity, or color. Allah says {What means}: "O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of God is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And God has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things)." [Al-Hujurat, 13].This relationship based on affection and human brotherhood is manifested through the Constitution of Medina, established by the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him). This document laid a solid intellectual foundation for maintaining social security, as it encompassed the establishment of a community where individuals come together under one umbrella where Muslims viewed others with an inclusive and coexisting perspective, forming a strong basis for building a civilized society.

 

Thirdly: Allah, the Almighty, has commanded us to refer to reliable sources when adopting ideas.

 

Islam has shown great care for intellectual well-being, starting with the prohibition of material substances that affect the mind, such as intoxicants and drugs, which disturb the balance and lead to deviation. This also includes being cautious when using modern technology and digital influencers. Modern technology was originally designed to make life easier, advance civilization, and enhance cultural aspects. The Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the importance of wisdom, stating, "Wisdom is the lost property of the believer; wherever he finds it, he has the most right to it" (Sunan al-Tirmidhi). However, the misuse of these tools and failing to monitor and guide children in their optimal use can lead to addiction and negatively affect their mental and psychological well-being. Additionally, it can affect their behavior in society and isolate them from the real  challenges of life, directing them towards a virtual world without awareness or understanding.

 

In addition, Allah has commanded us to verify information from reliable sources and not pay attention to false rumors or suspicious sources. He emphasized the necessity of consulting scholars when forming opinions or adopting judgments. Allah says: {What means}: "When there comes to them some matter touching (Public) safety or fear, they divulge it. If they had only referred it to the Apostle, or to those charged with authority among them, the proper investigators would have Tested it from them (direct). Were it not for the Grace and Mercy of God unto you, all but a few of you would have fallen into the clutches of Satan.." (Quran 4:83).Therefore, genuine religious institutions that preserve the security of society and educational curricula promoting a culture of social security, aligned with the objectives of Sharia in fostering understanding and harmony among people, should be the authentic source and impregnable fortress for intellectual security in society.

Neglecting intellectual security and not paying attention to it will lead our children to fall into the traps of those who invalidate the truth, the schemes of the malicious, and the doubts of the skeptics. It will also result in the emergence of terrorists, extremists, and those who declare others as unbelievers. As Umar ibn Abdul Aziz, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "Whoever makes his religion a means of disputes will frequently change his position." (Reported by Al-Darimi with an authentic chain of narration).

 

Fourthly: Adopting an Islamic discourse that believes in the freedom of thought and structured dialogue to reach firm intellectual convictions. 

Islam is a religion of leniency, tolerance, and mercy. It is one of the most important means to spread intellectual security in society. Allah, the Almighty, says {What means}: " It is part of the Mercy of God that thou dost deal gently with them Wert thou severe or harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about thee: so pass over (Their faults), and ask for (God’s) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Then, when thou hast Taken a decision put thy trust in God. For God loves those who put their trust (in Him)." [Al-Imran, 159]. Therefore, Allah has commanded us to engage in dialogue with those who differ with us using the best manners. There is no compulsion or coercion in religion. Moreover, Islam did not make freedom absolute; rather, it regulated it with guidelines to preserve it from chaos and violation of the rights and dignity of others. Thus, the spilling of blood and violating people's wealth is not permitted. Islam established a framework that safeguards freedom from chaos and destruction.

The guidelines for the Islamic discourse are to be wise, aligned with the realities of life, offer solutions, and reach constructive results, avoiding exclusionary and provocative rhetoric. Allah, the Almighty, says {What means}: "Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best" [An-Nahl, 125]. Therefore, Islamic discourse stands out by engaging people with good manners and ensuring that the rights and freedoms of others in belief are not violated.

 

Fifthly: Intellectual security is the vessel for good behavior and noble ethics:

Intellectual security preserves humanity from deviation and serves as a vessel for virtuous qualities and noble ethics worthy of praise. These include qualities such as truthfulness, honesty, justice, equality, mercy, forbearance, and tolerance. Therefore, Islam has urged in numerous verses to safeguard intellectual security, making it a duty and an essential part of our religion and creed. This is because what cannot be fulfilled except through a specific action becomes obligatory when that action is realized. When intellectual security is achieved in a community, the community becomes strong in its beliefs, values, and ethics, influencing others without being influenced by any foreign ideas, whether in adversity or prosperity, weakness, or strength.

Sixthly: Islam encourages the development of human thinking and the enrichment of knowledge with everything beneficial and useful, leading individuals from the darkness of ignorance to the lights of knowledge and understanding. The first revelation in the Quran was the command to read, as stated in the verse: "Read in the name of your Lord who created" [Al-'Alaq, 1]. Moreover, God emphasized the tools of knowledge and writing by swearing by the pen in the verse: "Nun. By the pen and what they inscribe" [Al-Qalam, 1]. This reflects Islam's emphasis on reading and writing. Additionally, Islam encourages individuals to break free from the framework of ancestral ignorance and to exercise freedom of choice, thinking, and reasoning. It invites people to contemplate the greatness of the Creator through reflection on His creation. God says: "Do they not look at the camels – how they are created?" [Al-Ghashiyah, 17]. He also says: "Say, 'Observe what is in the heavens and the earth'" [Yunus, 101]. Moreover, God says: "Indeed, We have made clear to you the signs, if you will use reason" [Al-Hadid, 17]. Many other verses encourage individuals to contemplate the signs of the universe and consequently form intellectual resilience for the minds.

Today, we are in need of spreading the spirit of love and brotherhood among people, based on strong divine principles, and continuous diligent efforts to fortify the community against destructive dark ideologies. It is essential to enhance global peace and propagate the true message of Islam that calls for love towards others and collaboration among all people.

And all perfect praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds.

 

 

 

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Summarized Fatawaa

What is the ruling on a woman shaking hands with the brothers of her husband`s father, and not putting on Islamic wear before them?

The aforesaid are strangers to the their brother`s son`s wife, therefore, it is forbidden for her to take off her Islamic wear before them, or to shake hands with them.

I`m a Muslim woman and have fallen in love with a Christian man. Supposing that he embraced Islam. Is it permissible that he proposes to me?

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.
The relationship between you two is forbidden; however, if he wants to embrace Islam then he should pay a visit to a Sharia court. Once he becomes a Muslim, we will address the matter of proposing to you. And Allah The Almighty Knows Best.

I wish I could pray in the mosque, but I know that it is better for a woman to pray at home. I know that the reward for going to the mosque is great, but is this reward restricted to men? I feel jealous of them for that. What should I do ? Is there a way for me to be favored with such reward?

 

All perfect praise be to Allah The Lord of The Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all of his family and companions.

Abdullah Ibin Masood reported that the Prophet (PBUH) said: "Her prayer inside her home is better than its courtyard, and her prayer in her own bedroom is better than inside her home." [Abu Dawood]. Her staying at home, and not going to the mosque in obedience to Allah`s injunctions entails a great reward similar to that bestowed on a man for going to the mosque since the bounty of Allah is for all. And Allah Knows Best.

Is it permissible for me to make up for my late father`s missed fasts, and should I make an intention to this end by saying: “I intend to make up for my late father`s missed fasts .”

It is permissible to fast on behalf of the deceased father in order to make up for his missed fasts, and you should make the intention for offering fast from night time, but uttering the intention isn`t a condition.