عربي
02 Jamadi al-Awwal 1443  ,  07 December 2021

The General Iftaa` ... Date Added: 25-10-2020

Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) ... Date Added: 24-09-2020

Statement on the so-Called ... Date Added: 30-01-2020

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The Participation in ... Date Added: 11-11-2020

Resolutions of Iftaa' Board

Date Added : 27-10-2015

Resolution No.(124),(11/2008) by the Board of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies:
“ The Penalty Clause in Debts “
Date:29/11/1429 AH, corresponding to 27/11/2008 AD.

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of The Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.
During its seventh session held on the above given date, the Iftaa` Board reviewed the penalty clause stated in some of the contracts that it had reviewed.
After thorough study and deliberation, the Board decided the following:
Giving the creditor the power to receive pecuniary charge and to claim it in case the debtor failed to repay him is called the penalty clause. This provision is invalid and renders the contract invalid, because it is from the Riba(usury/interest) of Jahilliyaah(the days and traditions of ignorance), and it is forbidden as stated in the Holy Quran. Allah says(what means): “but God hath permitted trade and forbidden usury.”(Al-Baqarah/275).
Receiving a pecuniary charge from the debtor in case of delay in payment is tantamount to stipulating it upon the conclusion of the contract. This is because it is the kind of Riba that the Arabs used to have at that time. They used to tell a debtor, “You either settle the debt, or add an interest”{please refer to Tafseer At-Tabari vol.3,p.275}.
The penalty clause is an increase on the original value of the debt against delay in repayment. This increase is forbidden and invalid, whether it was stipulated in the contract such as the penalty clause, or was stipulated upon the deadline of the repayment.
Therefore, the penalty clause pertaining to debt settlement is parallel to acknowledging Riba upon concluding the contract, and this is forbidden in Islamic Sharia. And Allah knows best.

Chairman of the Iftaa` Board, the Grand Mufti of Jordan/ Dr. Nooh Al-Qodat
Vice Chairman of  the Iftaa` Board, Dr. Ahmad Hilayel/ Member                  Dr. Sa`eid Hijjawi/  Member
Dr. Mohammad Khair Al-Essa/ Member
Judge Sari Attieh/ Member
Dr. Abdurahman Ibdaah/ Member
Dr. Mohammad Oklah/ Member
Dr. Abdunnasser Abulbasal/ Member
Dr. Mohammad al-Khalayleh/ Executive Secretary of the Iftaa Board        

 

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