Between Strictness and ... Date Added: 21-12-2021

The Road to Love Date Added: 07-12-2021

The Birth of the Prophet ... Date Added: 18-10-2021

Birth of the Awaited ... Date Added: 18-10-2021

Dealing with Family ... Date Added: 01-02-2022

The Honest Military Model; ... Date Added: 20-01-2022

The Preservation and ... Date Added: 05-01-2022

Freedom of Expression and ... Date Added: 22-12-2021

Search Fatawaa


Subject : Delaying Making up for Missed Obligatory Fasts till next Ramadan Came Obligates Paying Fidyah

Fatwa Number : 1880

Date : 30-06-2011

Classified : Fasting

Fatwa Type : Search Fatawaa


Question :

I had broken fast in the Ramadan preceding that of last year due to menses. In fact, ever since I have reached puberty, I got used to delaying making up for missed obligatory fast, and so I make up for them one week before the start of the next Ramadan. Unfortunately, my menses came earlier than usual, so I couldn`t make up for the missed fasts, and a new Ramadan has already started. What is the Sharia ruling on this?


The Answer :

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of The Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.

The majority of the Muslim scholars from the Maliki, Shafie and Hanbali legal schools are of the view that if a person delays making up for the days of fasting that he had missed in the previous Ramadan until the next Ramadan came, without a valid excuse, such a person is sinful and obliged to pay an expiation(Fidyah): One Mud(600-1000fils)* of food for each missed day. He is also obliged to make up for them.

The evidence for this is the statement delivered by a group of the Prophet`s Companions, and it wasn`t reported that any has ever contradicted them. Ibn Hajar Al-Haithami (May Allah have mercy on him) said, " The person who delays making up for the days of fasting that he had missed in the previous Ramadan, although he could have made up for them as he was neither sick nor traveling, until the next Ramadan came is obliged, along with making up for the missed days, to pay the value of one Mudd against each missed day. This is because six of the Companions have stated as such, and it wasn`t reported that any has ever contradicted them."{Tohfat Al-Mohtajj}.

However, if the delay was due to a valid excuse, such as sickness, travel or ignorance of the prohibition of delaying making up for missed fasts until the next Ramadan, then he isn`t obliged to pay an expiation(Fidyah). Rather, he is only obliged to make up for the missed days.

It was stated in the Shafie book{Boshra Al-Kareem}, "Delaying making up for obligatory fast missed for a valid excuse, such as travel, breastfeeding, forgetfulness and ignorance of the prohibition of delaying it, even by a Muslim living in a Muslim country…….Paying the expiation(Fidyah) isn`t an obligation."*

By this we arrive at the conclusion that the view of the majority of the Muslim scholars is based on the statement of the aforementioned Companions, and it is evident that their view wasn`t the result of Ijtihad. Rather, it was determined the Law-giver. Therefore, acting upon this view takes more precedence and is more obligatory than the view of the Hanafis who said that the afore person is only obliged to make up for the missed fasts. Moreover, Al-Khasani{May Allah have mercy on him} said, " if a person delays making up for the days of fasting that he had missed in the previous Ramadan until the next Ramadan came, then no expiation(Fidyah) is due on him."{Bada`e` Al-Sanaia`}. And Allah knows best.

*{Added 2/2/2016}.






Comments

 

Name *

E. mail Address *

Country

Comment Title *

Comment *

Captcha
 
 

Warning: this window is not dedicated to receive religious questions, but to comment on topics published for the benefit of the site administrators—and not for publication. We are pleased to receive religious questions in the section "Send Your Question". So we apologize to readers for not answering any questions through this window of "Comments" for the sake of work organization. Thank you.