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Articles


Laylatul Qadr (The Night of Decree)

Author : His Grace Shiekh Abdulkareem Al-Khasawneh

Date Added : 17-04-2023


Laylatul Qadr (The Night of Decree)

 

 

It is the blessed night at which the angels and the spirit come down. It is the night at which the Quran was sent down to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from God through angel Gabriel.

The earth has never witnessed such a blessed night in terms of greatness, status and indications. The whole universe rejoices at it and whosoever performs acts of worship at this night, with Faith and in the hope of receiving Allah's reward, will have his/her past sins forgiven. In addition, worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months.

During that night, Allah`s mercies and blessings come down on His believing servants who are offering different acts of worship to come closer to Him.

Al-Khalil Bin Ahmad said: "Laylatul Qadr: It is the night of restriction based on the verse, which reads: (and the man whose resources are restricted). It was called as such because the earth becomes so restricted/narrow by the huge numbers of angels coming down to it. However, their coming down brings goodness and blessings to the people of the earth. Allah Says {What means}: "Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by God’s permission, on every errand:" {Al-Qadr, 4}.

Abu Dawoud reported from Abu Hurayrah who said that the Prophet (PBUH) said: "And verily, the angels who are on the earth during that night are more numerous than the number of pebbles."

Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said  concerning the words “Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments”: There is written down from the Mother of the Book on Laylat al-Qadr what is to happen during the coming year of provision, death, life, or rain. Allah Says {What means}: "We sent it down during a Blessed Night: for We (ever) wish to warn (against Evil)."

Many Quran commentators said: "For its noble status and honor, the night of decree encompasses all these meanings."

The real preference for this night, is the descent of the Holy Quran, because Allah, The Most Exalted, Says {What means}: "We have indeed revealed this (Message) in the Night of Power:" In an authentic narration by Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) as related by Ibn Hajar from Sahrih Al-Bukhari that it is either: "The whole Quran was sent down during the Laylatul Qadr from 'Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz (the Preserved Tablet) to Baitul Izzah in the lower heaven, the night in which the Quran started coming down on the heart of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), Or, it is the night in which Allah ordered the angelic scribes to write the Quran on 'Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz.

There is no iota of doubt that the Quran is the source of all goodness, guidance and light, and it guides to that, which is most right. This is why Allah Said about this blessed night (What means): "And what will explain to thee what the night of power is?"  This means that none can explain what Laylatul Qard is except Allah, The Knower of the unseen.

Is Laylatul Qadr fixed or does it change?

Ibn Hajar Al-Haithami (May Allah have mercy on him) said: "A group of scholars said that Laylatul Qadr doesn`t necessarily occur in a certain night of the last ten nights of Ramadan. Rather, it changes since in a year or in years, it is an odd night (i.e. 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th) while in a year or in years, it is an even night (i.e. 22nd, 24th and so on). It was reported that Ibn Qulaba said: "Lailatul Qadr changes in the last ten nights of Ramadan and many of the Salaf (righteous predecessors), such as Imam Malik, Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Abu Thawr, Muzni and others, have opted for this view."

However, Al-Shafie`I said that Lailatul Qadr is a fixed night that doesn`t change. He based this view on the following Hadith: Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit: "Allah's Messenger (PBUH) went out to inform the people about the (date of the) night of decree (Al-Qadr) but there happened a quarrel between two Muslim men. The Prophet (PBUH) said: "I came out to inform you about (the date of) the night of Al-Qadr, but as so and so and so and so quarreled, its knowledge was taken away (I forgot it) and maybe it was better for you. Now look for it in the 7th, the 9th and the 5th (of the last 10 nights of the month of Ramadan)."

The sign of Laylat al-Qadr: 

Ahmad, Al-Baihaqhi and others reported from 'Ubada bin As-Samit that the Messenger of Allah said: "The sign of the night of Al-Qadr is that it is bright and shining, as if there is in it a bright still moon without any cold or wind. The weather during this night is neither hot nor cold. In addition, there is no shooting of the stars until the morning. Its sign is that the sun in the morning after this night, rises up without beams exactly like the full moon and Satan does not come out with the sun on this morning."

May Allah make us witness Lailatul Qadr to offer acts of worship and may He accept our fast, night prayers and righteous good deeds.

 

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