Resolutions of Iftaa' Board

Resolutions of Iftaa' Board

Date Added : 02-11-2015

Resolution No.(11) by the Board of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies:  

“When is a Patient Considered Dead“               

Date: 8/11/1408 AH, 22/6/1988

The Board has received the following question: 

Does the death of a patient`s brain and the stopping of his/her heart and lungs make him/her dead? And what is the ruling of Sharia in this regard?

Answer: All success is due to Allah

The Board has deemed the following: From the view point of Sharia, a person is considered dead and the Sharia rulings of the dead apply to him/her if any of the following signs is present:

1- His/her heart has stopped beating and his/her breath has totally stopped, and the doctors ruled that he/she can`t be revived.

2- His/her brain functions have totally stopped, his/her brain started decomposing, and the expert medical specialists ruled that this brain is very dead and can`t be revived. In this case, he/she is considered dead although his/her heart is still beating by being on life support machines. In this case (2), it is permissible for the doctors to take these machines away, but they can`t rule that this person is dead unless they are absolutely certain of the following:

1- All conditions of brain death are present.

2- Excluding other reasons for comma.

3- The reflexes of the brain`s core have totally stopped.

4- Running all the necessary medical tests, which prove that breathing has stopped.

5- Electricity is static while performing brain scanning.

6- Running any necessary medical tests to ascertain that the brain is dead.

7- All these tests must be run in a fully equipped hospital.

Due to the religious, legal, medical, ethical and social considerations of this issue, a committee of expert medical specialists made of three members at least must do judging that a patient’s brain is dead, and that none of them has any kind of hostility with the patient in question.

The hour of death begins from the moment when the members of the previously mentioned committee put down their signature.

On its part, the Board stresses the need for addressing this critical matter in order to ensure that the conditions stipulated in this Fatwa are executed, and that violating them entails legal accountability. And Allah Knows Best.

The Board of Iftaa`
Chairman of the Board, Chief Justice, Mohammad Mohailan
The Grand Mufti of Jordan,: Izz al-Deen al-Tamimi, Vice Chairman of the Iftaa` Board
Dr. Nooh al-Qodat, Mufti of Jordanian Armed Forces “I have a reservation on the second sign  and see that a patient is considered alive so long as a sign of life is present in him/her.”

Dr.Ibrahim al-Keelani         Dr. Abdulsalam Abbadi

Dr. Abdulfatah Amr              Dr. Abdulhalim Ar-Ramahi

Dr. Mostafa Az-Zarqa           Dr. Mahmood al-Sartawi

Dr. Yasee Dradkeh                Dr. Abdulssalam al-Abbadi

Dr. Sa`eid Hijawi                 

  Dr. Mahmood Al-Awattli  "The same reservation" 

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Summarized Fatawaa

Is it permissible to distribute the raw meat of the vowed animal sacrifice amongst the poor, or to offer it to them in cooked form?

It is impermissible for the vow-maker to eat from the vowed animal sacrifice, rather, he/she should distribute it as he/she had intended upon making the vow, but if the vow was a general one, without any specification then, it is better to give it as raw meat.

Are all the children of a suckling woman considered brothers to the strange child whom their mother had breastfed, or just to the one who had suckled with him?

All the children of the woman who had suckled a strange child are considered his/her brothers and sisters.

Is it permissible to fast on behalf of the dead who died owing missed fast to make up ?

His relative should fast on his behalf, and it is permissible for the guardians to give permission to non-relatives of the dead to fast on his behalf as well.

Should the father command his ten-year-old daughter to wear the Islamic dress?

The father should order his daughter to put on the Islamic dress once she turns ten, in order for her to get used to it.