• Is a menstruating woman obliged to pray during menses, and should she make up missed prayers?
A menstruating woman is prohibited from prayer during her menses, and she isn`t obliged to make up missed prayers.
• Should missed Sunnah prayer be made up ?
Making up missed voluntary acts of worship is from Sunnah.
• What should a woman who is in a state of menstruation, or confinement do if she became ritually pure during the day of Ramadhaan ?
If she became pure during the day time of Ramadhaan, it is desirable for her to fast the rest of that day, and to make up for it along with the days that she had missed due to menstruation.
• What is the ruling on reciting the Chapter after Al-Faatihah , and what should a worshiper who forgets it do?
Any other part of Qur'an that a worshiper reads after Al-Faatihah during the first and the second Rak`ahs is a Sunnah, and forgetting to do so doesn`t nullify prayer, and doesn`t require performing Sujood As-Sahw ( prostration of forgetfulness).