Subject : Polluting Water in all Forms is Prohibited
Fatwa Number : 3286
Date : 19-09-2017
Classified : Things that doom one to Hell
Fatwa Type : Search Fatawaa

Question :

What is the ruling on polluting water resources?

The Answer :

All perfect praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all of his family and companions.

Water is considered one of the greatest graces that Allah has bestowed upon human beings and made it the main source of life on earth, since Allah, the Most Exalted, said(what means):" We made from water every living thing." [Al-Anbiya'/30], and He said (what means):" And We send down from the sky rain charted with blessing, and We produce therewith gardens and Grain for harvests And tall (and stately) palm-trees, with shoots of fruit-stalks, piled one over another." [Qaf 9-10].

Allah created this universe and subjected to mankind everything in the heavens and on earth and made him a vicegerent in it, since He said( what means):" And He has subjected to you, as from Him, all that is in the heavens and on earth:" [Al-Jathiyah/13]. Therefore, a human being must use the resources that Allah, the Almighty subjected to him in the best manner and preserve them since they belong to all humans and not only for a certain generation or era. Therefore, none has the right to waste or spoil these resources.

Islamic Sharia legislated specific rulings pertaining to water preservation and urged Muslims not to waste or pollute it, since it is a vital source of life.

Moreover, Islam prohibited polluting and wasting water; rather, the prohibition degree increases if the pollution reached all water resources. Besides, this ruling is in line with Sharia purposes, since the Prophet(PBUH) said (what means): "There is no injury nor return of injury." [Ibn Majah].

In addition, polluting water is considered a mischief on earth which Allah forbade, and threatened the one who commits such an act with the severest punishments, since Allah, said (what means):" So eat and drink of the sustenance provided by God, and do no evil nor mischief on the (face of the) earth." [Al-Baqarah/60] . He also said(what means):" But if any one, after God’s favour has come to him, substitutes (something else), God is strict in punishment." [Al-Baqarah/211].

Furthermore, polluting water resources is considered an act of aggression against all people, because they are partners in this vital source of life, since the Prophet(PBUH)said (what means):" People are partners in three things: Water, grass of pasture and fire." [Abu Dawood].

Another evidence on the prohibition of polluting water is what was narrated from Jabir that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) forbade urinating into standing water." [Muslim], since urinating into standing water will not only pollute water but it will also harm all people. In addition, the Prophet (PBUH) said(what means):" “None of you should take a bath in stagnant water when he is sexually impure” [Muslim] since this will also pollute water and people will no longer benefit from it.

Likewise, the Prophet(PBUH) ordered us to preserve water from pollution, so he said(what means):" Cover the vessels and tie the waterskin." [Muslim].

In conclusion, polluting water, in all forms, is prohibited and contradicts the teachings of Sharia since water in our region is so scarce. In addition, the prohibition degree becomes more dense if this act would lead to the destruction of the environment; for example:throwing industrial wastes and pesticides into springs and rivers, throwing solid wastes, releasing waste water into groundwater, or deliberate poisoning of water to kill harmful animals which will lead to high pollution levels, causing damage to the soil, crops, all forms of life, certain health risks and total loss of water resources. And Allah knows best.



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